Undergraduate DegreeBachelor of Science in Geosciences

Students earning the B.S. degree in Geosciences must choose one of four concentrations: Geology, Environmental Geosciences, Geography, or Urban Studies. Many career opportunities allow for practical application of geosciences in industry, consulting firms, and governmental agencies at all levels. Practical and essential applications of geology and geography include development and stewardship of water resources, both surface and subsurface; land-use planning for urban, suburban, and rural development; exploration for and development of mineral and energy resources including petroleum and other fossil fuels; and development of environmentally sound strategies for hazardous waste disposal and treatment.


Focusing on physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the surface and interior of the Earth. This concentration is recommended for students who will later pursue licensure as a Professional Geologist, which is required for supervisory work in many environmental and other fields.

Environmental Geosciences

Focusing on physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the surface of the Earth, with an emphasis on understanding, preventing, and mitigating human impacts on the environment. This concentration is also suitable for future Professional Geologists, but may also have broader appeal to other students.


Focusing on the interdisciplinary study of the human and physical world. As the Association of American Geographers describes, human geography examines “spatial aspects of human existence,” while physical geography examines patterns of climates, landforms, vegetation, soils, and water.

Urban Studies

Focusing on interdisciplinary study of the unique environmental and human challenges and solutions in urban settings and communities using one or more methods from geosciences and other fields such as social sciences.

Additional Information

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Career Opportunities

The B.S. Degree is designed for careers in:

  • Environmental Consulting
  • Energy Industry (coal, oil, natural gas)
  • Mining
  • Careers as a Licensed Professional Geologist
  • Water Resources
  • GIS Technologies
  • Planning Industry
  • Government Agencies
  • Non-profit sector
  • Graduate School

More information on what Geographers can do can be found on the American Geosciences Institute’ Website.